History, HOTS and holistic education 

Khong Ru Xiang

It's time the history syllabus is expanded to demand more of its young scholars than rote memorisation of facts and dates to be regurgitated during exams. – The Malaysian Insight pic by Pravin Menon, August 21, 2018.

IF you were to ask a typical secondary school student about their thoughts on “Sejarah SPM” and how they felt about the implementation of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) questions in their exams, more often than not you’d receive a rather impassive response. In fact, most would even tell you how much of a pain it is to memorise facts and reiterate conventional ideas just to get marks.

While the pre-independence history of our motherland and the birth of political parties in Malaysia are interesting reading, the method with which the subject is taught and tested just did not appeal to me back in school, nor did it stimulate my mind or allow me to truly explore the 4Cs (critical thinking, creativity, communication, and collaboration) that global institutions put so much emphasis on today.

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